Latina MigrantsJuly 1, 2022 2022-07-01 15:01
The narrow space of borders and the vulnerability of latina migrants. International migration is a growing phenomenon that has tended to become feminized as a response, among other factors, to the incorporation of women into paid productive activity.
Half of international migrants are women. Many do not travel as companions as before, there are more and more who do it on their own, looking for job opportunities and a better quality of life. However, a good number of women still declare traveling as a companion to their partners. This fact is not a minor fact since it represents for them, a situation of economic dependence, with the risks of subordination that this implies in the Latin patriarchal society.
Many do not travel as companions as before, there are more and more who do it on their own, looking for job opportunities and a better quality of life.
Many latina migrants are forced to leave, due to family pressure or pressure from their environment, victims of domestic violence, sexual abuse or uses and customs of a culture that limits their possibilities of growth and personal development.
Another obstacle that can beset migrant women is the situation of vulnerability to sexual slavery, which is a bargaining chip between groups of criminals who traffic people. Several studies highlight that many are induced or forced to travel by international criminals who engage in human trafficking for the purposes of prostitution, sexual services or bonded labor.
Many Latina migrants are mothers who are heads of households, a manifestation of a social fabric characterized by the increase in the number of households headed by women.
Another obstacle that can beset migrant women is the situation of vulnerability to sexual slavery
From the Chiapas Foundation for Migrant Women, A.C. (CHIMUMI Foundation) work with projects aimed at assisting migrant and Mexican women in Tapachula, Chiapas. The intention that mobilizes them is to improve the living conditions of migrant women, develop work aimed at comprehensive training for an assimilation of values, customs and a way of working, to positively influence families.
The legal vacuum that the absence of protection and regulation of informal labor means, makes migrant workers subject to dependence on their employer, who can coerce them for fear that, if the relationship breaks, they lose residence and the right to work in the host society.
Migrant women are especially vulnerable because of their difficulty in finding alternative employment, because of their lack of knowledge about their rights as migrant workers, because of their financial obligations to their families or the debts they incurred to carry out their displacement, because of the fear of deportation, restrictions on their freedom of movement, lack of identity documents or fear of reprisals.
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